Depression is a mood disorder that causes feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed.
It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease your ability to function at work and at home.
Most people feel sad or depressed at times. It is a normal reaction to loss and life’s challenges.
But when intense sadness including feeling helpless, hopeless, and worthless lasts for many days to weeks and keeps you from living your life, it may be something more than sadness. You could have clinical depression, a treatable medical condition.
Symptoms of Depression
Your mood is depressed for most of the day, especially in the morning
Loss of interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed
You feel tired or have a lack of energy almost every day
Trouble sleeping or sleeping too much
You feel worthless or guilty almost every day
Changes in appetite. (weight loss or gain that is not related to dieting)
Thoughts of death or suicide
Remember, symptoms must last at least two weeks and must represent a change in your previous level of functioning for one to say he or she is depressed.
Different Types of Depression
Bipolar Disorder, also known as manic depression entails mood episodes that range from extremes of high energy with an “up” mood to low “depressive” periods. When you’re in a low phase, you’ll have the symptoms of major depression.
Persistent Depressive Disorder: This form of depression can last for at least 2 years.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: This is when a woman has severe mood problems before her period, more intense than typical premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
Substance-Induced Mood Disorder (SIMD): This is when symptoms happen while you’re taking a drug or drinking alcohol or after you stop.
Peripartum Depression: During this form of depression, your symptoms begin during pregnancy or after giving birth.
How To Deal with Depression
Everything feels more challenging when you’re dealing with depression.
Going to work, socializing with friends, or even just getting out of bed can feel like a struggle.
But there are some things you can do to cope with your symptoms and improve your quality of life.
Here are some tips for living with depression.
Learn How to Stop Negative Thoughts: Depression doesn’t just make you feel bad, it can also cause you to think more negatively. Changing those negative thoughts, however, can improve your mood.
Build a Support Network: One of the most important things you can do to help yourself with depression other than medication and therapy is to develop a strong social support network.
Get a Handle on Your Household Chores: Take control of your daily chores. Start small and work on one project at a time. Getting up and moving can help you start to feel better in itself. But, seeing your progress in the home can be key to helping you feel better.
Beat Procrastination: Putting things off fuels depression. It can lead to increased guilt, worry, and stress. It is important to set deadlines and manage your time well. Establish short-term goals and work hard to get the most important things done first.
Improve Your Sleep Hygiene: Sleep and mood are intimately related. Good sleep hygiene could be key to improving the quality and quantity of your sleep. Turn off electronics at least an hour before you go to bed. Use dim light to read a book or engage in other relaxing activities.
If you or someone you know has symptoms of depression, talk a mental health professional.
For more information on mental health and taking better care of yourself, just dial 0800REMEDIUM.
Remedium is focused on providing help when you need it most. We are driven by accessibility, speed, and quality of care. Our online counselling and therapy sessions are delivered via a medium that comes at no extra cost to those who need help. We are here to help.